Children sing and act out number rhymes and songs. They count, recognise and order numbers from one to 20. They say which number is one more or one less than a given number. They explore number problems involving addition and subtraction using objects, mental calculation and 10 frames. They begin to use number tracks and number lines to count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.
Shape, Space and Measure
children recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them such as:
pattern, symmetrical, repeating pattern.
2D shapes, flat shapes, square, oblong, triangle, circle, star, sides, vertex, vertices.
3D shapes, solid shapes, cube, cuboid, sphere, cylinder, prism, square based pyramid, edges, vertices, apex.
Children use everyday language such as:
size, (tall, short, longer)
weight, (heavy, light, heaviest)
capacity, (full, empty)
position, (first, second)
distance, (near, far)
time (o'clock, yesterday)
and money (one pence, five pence etc.)
to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems.